The Party Deconstructs

No mass political party heads into a national election in lockstep. Promises to stay home or, at best, to vote against the other team’s champion rather than for one’s own, are common, but the prospect of a Republican Party nominee heading into the Fall election with a substantial portion of self-identified conservative activists, intellectuals, donors, office-holders, and voters in open revolt would be unlike anything we have seen in decades at least: The dis-assembly of a national political coalition – from the top down and the outside in.

against_trump_graphicOf course, we have a long way to go, and how much the exclamations of the previous Winter will have faded in comparison to the all-caps boldface value propositions of the Fall – Supreme Court, immigration, and so on, weighted higher or lower by estimated odds of victory – is impossible to predict. Still, even if a late October poll of National Review writers shows them misgivingly “For Trump,” their editors and many rank and file conservative Republicans, the ones who thought they were booking a very different passage, have gone too far down the plank, with the Captain-in-waiting’s prodding, ever to walk all the way back.

If Trump wins the nomination, Republican dissidents – an odd position for committed conservatives whose views have not changed, but who have found the ground moving beneath their feet – might vote for, endorse, and actively support the Democratic Party nominee, assuming he or she – to be realistic, she – runs convincingly enough as a centrist. They might sit out the election. Some might turn to a 3rd- or nth-party nominee. One alternative would be for conservatives to break away and form their own 3rd party, in a Cons-in-Exile run of the sort that columnist Jim Geraghty outlined: One imagines some ideologically Reaganite rump of rumps, venturing forth on the theory that it could win, either directly or after an Electoral College deadlock, or at least on the theory of standing athwart and yelling.

Yet regardless of where the splinters and larger sections finally settle, this moment already is a unique one, since Trumpism represents the potential of a hostile takeover of a party. Left-liberal analysts are fond of exclaiming (always as if for the first time, rarely taking any degree of responsibility themselves) that the movement of Rush Limbaugh, Sarah Palin, the Tea Party, Birtherism, and so on chose to mount and ride the know-nothing populist tiger long ago, but the irony runs deeper. The Trump phenomenon may demonstrate how much the democratization of primary processes has always run counter to republican and conservative political ideals, as Jeffrey H. Anderson and Jay Cost strongly imply when laying out their proposal for an alternative nomination system in 2013. From title down, their “Republican Nomination Process” clearly refers both to a process for the Republican Party and to a process that would actually reflect “small-r” republican values.

The history of American politics and of the American political system at least since the Progressive Era, arguably since the Founding, seems to have been a counter-movement towards lowest-common-denominator democratism or “numerical” majoritarianism, away from alternative concepts of self-government. Of course, the primary system is not even an imbecilic majoritarianism that bestows the Mandate of Heaven on the candidate with 50.1 while sending 49.9 into internal exile: It is something even more degraded, more like brute numericalism or whatever name we might prefer for a system that treats vote totals more like scores in a game, and is designed to convert “first past the post” pluralities of votes systematically into majorities of delegates and the sounds of unified acclamation.

Perhaps this type of democratization of the process was destined eventually to produce a demagogue, as everything turns, finally, all the way upside down: A Republican Party more democratic, under our common degraded concept of democracy, than the Democrats, those stalwarts of stability, comity, and the superior wisdom of the elite. Yet the not simply counter-majoritarian but counter-factional and counter-demagogical features of American liberal democracy do remain integral to the system. Indeed, those who refuse to panic over the prospect of a President Trump expect to rely on systemic road-blocks or “veto points,” or on the sheer reality of American political paralysis, to prevent an unpredictable and intemperate chief executive, alter ego of his unpredictable and intemperate constituents, first from doing too much harm, second from doing too much of anything at all.

This last resort sets aside the unique resources that a frustrated chief executive might still discover in the office itself and in whatever perceived emergencies. Even if catastrophe can be avoided, the image of a merely mostly checked or even a fully paralyzed presidency may count as rather less than ideal: “Make America impotent again.”

Again, such speculation is far ahead of where we are to this point: The options before movement conservatives and other Republicans in the Fall will follow upon what exactly Republican and Democratic delegates do in the Summer, and we’re still waiting for voters and campaigns to do their work in the Spring. All the same, as of this writing it appears that only an Act of God would prevent Trump from entering the Republican National Convention at least in a position to expose its fractures, and the image of a President Trump is already one that the Republican or “Republican” electorate, or roughly 35% of it, is forcing us to contemplate, as is the attitude of his fellow candidates.

Unlike pundits such as Bill Kristol or all of National Review’s horses and people, partly as a result of the pledge the Republican National Committee forced on candidates when the main objective was keeping Trump and his followers in the fold, not preventing them from taking it over, the traditionally Republican Republican candidates seem to have little choice but to treat “Donald” and his followers as no more or less authentically Republican than anyone else who chooses to claim as much. Even Jeb Bush, Trump’s whipped boy in one debate after another, is in theory committed to support the party’s nominee in the Fall.

In an age in which we have been informed, over and over again, that the major parties are more “ideological” than ever before, we are presented with one of the two parties on the verge of defenestrating all its masters of doctrine and dogma, and replacing them with… this:

In times such as these, party loyalty raises the question of what a party is at all in America 2016 – or at least what it can possibly mean to be a Republican, if Trump is one, and potentially the standard-bearer.


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    TV pundits and op-ed writers of every major newspaper epitomize how the Democratic establishment has already reached a consensus: the 2020 nominee must be a centrist, a Joe Biden, Cory Booker or Kamala Harris–type, preferably. They say that Joe Biden should "run because [his] populist image fits the Democrats’ most successful political strategy of the past generation" (David Leonhardt, New York Times), and though Biden "would be far from an ideal president," he "looks most like the person who could beat Trump" (David Ignatius, Washington Post). Likewise, the same elite pundit class is working overtime to torpedo left-Democratic candidates like Sanders.

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    The reason is that nominating centrist Democrats who don't speak to class issues will result in a great swathe of voters simply not voting. Conversely, right-wing candidates who speak to class issues, but who do so by harnessing a false consciousness — i.e. blaming immigrants and minorities for capitalism's ills, rather than capitalists — will win those same voters who would have voted for a more class-conscious left candidate. Piketty calls this a "bifurcated" voting situation, meaning many voters will connect either with far-right xenophobic nationalists or left-egalitarian internationalists, but perhaps nothing in-between.

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    Understanding Trump’s charisma offers important clues to understanding the problems that the Democrats need to address. Most important, the Democratic candidate must convey a sense that he or she will fulfil the promise of 2008: not piecemeal reform but a genuine, full-scale change in America’s way of thinking. It’s also crucial to recognise that, like Britain, America is at a turning point and must go in one direction or another. Finally, the candidate must speak to Americans’ sense of self-respect linked to social justice and inclusion. While Weber’s analysis of charisma arose from the German situation, it has special relevance to the United States of America, the first mass democracy, whose Constitution invented the institution of the presidency as a recognition of the indispensable role that unique individuals play in history.

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    [E]ven Fox didn’t tout Bartiromo’s big scoops on Trump’s legislative agenda, because 10 months into the Trump presidency, nobody is so foolish as to believe that him saying, “We’re doing a big infrastructure bill,” means that the Trump administration is, in fact, doing a big infrastructure bill. The president just mouths off at turns ignorantly and dishonestly, and nobody pays much attention to it unless he says something unusually inflammatory.On some level, it’s a little bit funny. On another level, Puerto Rico is still languishing in the dark without power (and in many cases without safe drinking water) with no end in sight. Trump is less popular at this point in his administration than any previous president despite a generally benign economic climate, and shows no sign of changing course. Perhaps it will all work out for the best, and someday we’ll look back and chuckle about the time when we had a president who didn’t know anything about anything that was happening and could never be counted on to make coherent, factual statements on any subject. But traditionally, we haven’t elected presidents like that — for what have always seemed like pretty good reasons — and the risks of compounding disaster are still very much out there.

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