During the Middle Ages, Islamic astronomers made important discoveries.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_astronomy
In Europe, at that time, Copernicus was afraid to let his theory of a heliocentric solar systen be published. He feared he might be burned at the stake because his conclusions contradicted Genesis, Chapter 1.
Could one imagine science blooming in the world of Islam today? At this moment in history, as I often say, there are only two doctrines that people accept with blind faith: Marxism and Islam.